One factor in his wrongful conviction was eyewitness misidentification.. For instance, an administrator may tell the witness that (s)he has done a good job or has identified the same person as another witness. (The National Institute of Justice guide remarks, “Scientific research indicates that identification procedures such as lineups and photo arrays produce more reliable evidence when the individual lineup members or photographs are shown to the witness sequentially—one at a time—rather than simultaneously.”). Misidentification is the number one cause of wrongful convictions later overturned by DNA evidence. When videotaping is not possible, identifications should be photographed in a manner that “represents the lineup clearly and fairly.” The lineup and its results should also be documented in writing. Memory is malleable and fallible; the human brain does not record memories like a video camera. Improving witness identification The “best practices” for conducting a suspect lineup for an eyewitness, Cates said, include the option of not making any selection. There are many causes of wrongful convictions, and more than one can be present in a given case. For instance, if the suspect is bald, has an unusual hairstyle, has tattoos, is of a different race, or has other distinguishing features that cause the suspect to look significantly unlike the fillers, the witness may be unconsciously led to pick the suspect, especially if the suspect’s unique features match the witnesses’ description of the perpetrator and the features of the other lineup members do not. Eyewitness misidentification. Misleading or Lacking Pre-Identification Instructions: In traditional identification procedures, eyewitnesses are presented with one or more live or photograph line-ups that include a suspect and non-suspect “fillers.” If not provided with instructions to the contrary, the witness may assume that the perpetrator is in the lineup, that the witness must identify one of the lineup members as the perpetrator, or that the investigation depends on their immediately making a successful identification. Eyewitness misidentification is THE SINGLE GREATEST CAUSE OF WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS contributing to nearly 70% of DNA exonerations.. Over 30 years of research has proven that eyewitness identifications are unreliable.. Studies show at least 35% of eyewitnesses make identifications that are wrong.. An Official Website of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. While there are many factors that play a role in sending an innocent person to prison, eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of this unfortunate phenomenon. lineups (where a witness is shown a group of individuals). Far and away the most common contributing factor, eyewitness misidentifications have played a role in approximately 70% of the over 300 DNA exonerations that have occurred since the early 1990s. Reinforcing Post-Identification Comments: After an identification procedure, law enforcement officials sometimes make statements that inflate the witness’ confidence in his/her identification. The 10 Worst Failures of Eyewitness Testimony (Part One) March 12, 2015 ... who work to overturn cases of wrongful conviction in the United States, report that eyewitness misidentification plays a role in about 75% of wrongful convictions overturned through DNA testing in the United States. Under the State’s old law, some law enforcement agencies in certain California counties did have procedures in place to help improve the reliability of eyewitness identifications. Law enforcement officials also often mistakenly overestimate the reliability of eyewitness evidence, experiencing “tunnel vision” in which they prematurely devote all their efforts to suspects identified by eyewitnesses, regardless of the accuracy of the identifications. Since 1989, at least 325 people in the United States have been released from their prison … Eyewitness Misidentification Eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide. However, there were no statewide standards governing eyewitness identifications. Proven to be false affect BAC in a number of the most dramatic cases of eyewitness identification and testimony lead... Groundbreaking research on witness memory as well as alarming data on exonerated individuals has light. 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