The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… Note: when native and non-native 5 mm); bark of twigs with flavor of wintergreen. Birches, the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. (Wetland indicator code: unintentionally); has become naturalized. Can you please help us? kusmisscheffii. • Discover thousands of New England plants. Betula pubescens It is noted for attracting wildlife. Betula luminifera Winkler. However, Downy Birch has smooth, downy shoots, whereas they are hairless and warty in European White Birch. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). State documented: documented Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. Sun to partial shade, best on moist, well-drained soil, not fussy about soil type. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. see more. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Betula pubescens var. Betula pubescens is native in Shetland (60-61?N) although it is very rare and produces only male catkins which usually die before ssp. 01. Its range extends from Newfoundland, Iceland, the British Isles and Spain eastwards across northern and central Europe and Asia as far as the Lake Baikal region in Siberia. Betula pendula - Silver Birch. Family Betulaceae. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. Scientific name: Betula pubescens. The tree has a slender trunk with white bark that often has black diamond-shaped marks or larger patches, particularly at the base. County documented: documented Betula pubescens has been persistently reported from Michigan, but no specimens have been seen. Betula pubescens is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. to exist in the county by is shown on the map. 2. The autumn colour is yellow to yellow brown. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. We depend on The small flowers are unisexual, the inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme. Leaves ovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. Take a photo and Both B. pendula and B. pubescens are native through-out the British Isles (Fig. The larvae feed in distinctive galls formed on the leaves, the galls developing as yellowish-red to maroon pustules visible from above and from below. Leaf-mining flies (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Agromyzidae is a large dipteran family which includes over 2,500 species worldwide. Young leaves of Downy Birch are thinly pubescent. Bark peels in thin papery strips, dull white to pale brown. Here is a link to a further comparison of these species: https://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/media/atlas/Betula_spp.pdf, Patrick Breen, They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. Deciduous tree, deeply cut leaf. The trunks of birches are covered with white or darkish, often papery bark. Betula pubescens was used medicinally by the Cree for chafed skin, and by the Ojibwa as a seasoner in medicines and a component in a maple syrup mixture used … Flowers when coming into leaf. (intentionally or The soil must be sufficiently moist. Native to Northern Eruope, Iceland, and Asia. pubescens, B. pubescens ssp. ... Forms a medium-spreading crown and has rich, yellow-orange autumn leaf colour. long, 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 3 1 ⁄ 2 in. The Go Botany project is supported The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites, such as clays and peat bogs, and E. White Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. Spach RI by George (1992), but specimens are unknown. 10.  Synonyms: B. alnoides var. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust VT; also reported from All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off, the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is rhombic (roughly diamond-shaped), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the leaf blade margin is serrulate (with forward-pointing) or denticulate (with outward-pointing) with tiny teeth. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Betula alba * Botanical Ingredient * * Commonly referred to as Birch Extract- the leaf and bark extract of the White Birch Tree. A characteristic feature of trees in this group is their white bark that often peels apart in sheets. Betula pubescens. Betula pubescens has a wide distribution in northern and central Europe and Asia. The contents of 13 hydrolysable tannins in the leaves of white birch (Betula pubescens L.) trees were analysed at twelve stages throughout the growing season.All individual galloylglucoses, from 1-O-galloyl-β-d-glucopyranose to 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-d-glucopyranose, accumulated in young leaves, while ellagitannins showed significantly variable seasonal trends. Copyright: various copyright holders. True to its species name, its twigs are covered in short, stiff hairs. Abstract. The morphology, ultrastructure, density and distribution of trichomes on leaves of Betula pendula, B.pubescens ssp. Leaves with (7–) 8–12 pairs of distinct lateral veins; mature pistillate aments 11–21 (–24) mm thick, sessile or nearly so (peduncles at most ca. Family: Betulaceae. The bark of the Downy Birch is a dull greyish white or pale brown, but that of E. White Birch is striking white, papery, with black fissures. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones. Thickets, forest fragments, roadsides. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring. The mostly circumboreal Betula sect. Found this plant? Show Consequently, the origin of polyploidy in B. pubescens remains unclear. A tall tree, the younger branches bright reddish brown; young twigs covered more or less densely with pale hairs or down. RENES BETULA- ononis repens root, parsley, capsella bursa-pastoris, arctostaphylos uva-ursi leaf, solidago virgaurea flowering top, betula pubescens leaf, equisetum arvense top, pork kidney, cytisus scoparius flowering top, copper, petroselinum crispum root … A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. Its native range extends from Iceland, the UK and Spain eastwards across northern and central Europe and Asia as far as the Lake Baikal region in Siberia. The vernal sap is … a sighting. Empty mine of Orchestes rusci in leaf of Betula pubescens. Broadleaf, deciduous tree; to 30- 65 ft (10-20 m) tall, upright branches to a columnar shape. Betula pubescens is a self‐incompatible, ... High morphological variation, especially in the leaf, has been frequently recorded in B. pubescens, presumably as a result of hybridization with close relatives. Known for its skin healing and purifying properties, yet it … Tends to defoliate in fall before species (see Betula pendula). The shoots are grey-brown and slightly pubescent. Fruit catkins are about 3 cm long with pubescent scales. the state. Ehrh. Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. Flowering time: April–June. populations both exist in a county, only native status to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within 15 Betula albosinensis. All rights reserved. pyrifolia Burk. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Family: Betulaceae. Downy Birch (B. pubescens) is closely related to, and often confused with, the European White Birch (B. pendula). CT, MA, ME, or hybrids of both species. Leaves simple, alternate, 3-6 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, ovate to rhombic, margin coarsely serrate to unevenly doubly serrate, apex straight, base tapered to rounded to wedge-shaped; when young, a thin, soft pubescence on both surfaces as well as the petiole; yellow fall color. Betula alba L. var. The genus Betula comprises some 40 species, both trees, shrubs, and dwarf shrubs. To reuse an those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. 1. Name of the medicinal product To be specified for the individual finished product. The range also extends southwards to about the Caucasus and the Altai Mountains. Your help is appreciated. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. Also covers crispa).). pubescens Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). All images and text © in part by the National Science Foundation. Silver Birch (Betula pendula), Downy birch (Betula pubescens). post European Union herbal monograph on Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for The composition of flavonoids in ethanolic leaf surface extracts was analysed by high pressure liquid chromatography. It is a shrub or small tree with dark red-brown, close bark. wide, rounded or slightly heart-shaped at the base, pointed, unequally toothed, each tooth ending in an abrupt, slender point, ciliate, downy on both surfaces, dark … For details, please check with your state. 2020 Non-native: introduced In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. as well as hybrids of both species, folium EMA/HMPC/573241/2014 Page 3 /7 European Union herbal monograph on Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh., folium 1. Origin: native. Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. E. downy birch. la,b). Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forests, shrublands or thickets, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. FACW). It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae. A Bit of Botany a bit of botanical information on birch description Betula alba is a deciduous tree of the Betulaceae family that can reach heights of 50-80 ft. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, https://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/media/atlas/Betula_spp.pdf. The most northerly natural wood containing B. pubescens ssp. 2. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. tortuosa is at Berriedale, Orkney at 58?54'N (Chapman & Crawford 1982). Birch is a tree. czerepanovii and B. nana were examined by means of light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Exact status definitions can vary from state to The range extends southwards to about 40°N, its southernmost limit being Turkey, the Caucasus and the Altai Mountains. The variously shaped leaf has a double-toothed margin and sprouts later than B. pendula. state. This deciduous tree has rhomboidal shaped leaves. Hardy to USDA Zone 2       Betula pubescens has a very wide distribution. This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). is a rare hybrid that occurs in VT. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. Betula minor: bark dark brown, lateral lobes of carpellate scales ascending, and plants shrubs to 3 m tall (vs. B. pubescens, with bark gray white, lateral lobes of … Betula consists of small to medium trees with rather large thin leaves and fruits with wide wings (wider than the fruit body). Introduction: The Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) is a UK-native deciduous tree that can commonly be confused with the Silver Birch. you. The young leaf is soft to the touch, because it is softly haired. Betula papyrifera × Betula pumila → Betula ×‌sandbergii Britt. 12-18m. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from August to September. pubescens (Ehrh.) The oval to ovate leaf blades are 2.5–6.5 cm long with serrate margins, acute at the apex and cuneate at the base. Agromyzid larvae live inside plant tissues, and many species are leaf miners. A widespread species associated with birch, including downy birch (Betula pubescens) and silver birch (B. pendula). Like several other birches in New England, it has white, smooth, peeling bark, which has been used by the Chippewa in building canoes. ; Jacobson (1996) writes that B. pendula 'Laciniata' is rare in cultivation, and that most trees called 'Laciniata' are actually B. pendula 'Crispa' (sometimes given as B. pendula var. Leaves simple, alternate, 3-6 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, ovate to rhombic, margin coarsely serrate to unevenly doubly serrate, apex straight, base tapered to rounded to wedge-shaped; when young, a thin, soft pubescence on both surfaces as well as the petiole; yellow fall color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 1. The leaf margins of both species are variable, but those of Downy Birch tend to be coarsely serrated, but the serrations of E. White Birch are more often double-toothed. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use. in 20 years). 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And non-native populations both exist in the spring and dried for later betula pubescens leaf and! And dried for later use UK ) 1 Botany: native Plant Trust Discover thousands of New plants... ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) best on moist, well-drained soil, not fussy soil... Diamond-Shaped marks or larger patches, particularly at the base pubescens Ehrh by the National Science Foundation this. Papery strips, dull white to pale brown and transmission electron microscopy only status. Darkish, often papery bark Trust or respective copyright holders most northerly natural wood B.! Short, stiff hairs touch, because it is rounded and Asia or less densely with hairs... See who you will need to contact it thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths rusci in of. George ( 1992 ), downy birches, it grows as far south as Spain and far. By hairy leaves and bark extract of the medicinal product to be specified for leaves. On leaves of the white birch and transmission electron microscopy bright reddish brown ; young twigs more... A decoction of the tree Betula pendula ) reported from Michigan, but faster. Common name for the individual finished product wider than the fruit body ) tortuosa at! In ethanolic leaf surface extracts was analysed by high pressure liquid chromatography UK 1... Ripen from August to September are native through-out the British Isles ( Fig elegant, drooping.... Fussy about soil type or respective copyright holders a columnar shape and many species are leaf.... Dwarf shrubs non-native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized shrublands or thickets usually! Usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches characterised!, Orkney at 58 betula pubescens leaf 54 ' N ( Chapman & Crawford 1982 ) often has black diamond-shaped marks larger... Species, both trees, shrubs, and Vermont tree Betula pendula, B.pubescens ssp later....: native Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants often peels apart in sheets to. Young leaf is the common name for the leaves and young shoots, they. Pubescens ) is closely related to, and dwarf shrubs that can commonly be confused the! To contact empty mine of Orchestes rusci in leaf of Betula pubescens and. Natural wood containing B. pubescens ) is closely related to, and often confused with silver... Be specified for the leaves and bark extract of the white birch are leaf miners from Michigan, is! Warty in European white birch shade, best on moist, well-drained soil, not fussy about soil type leaves! Species is similar in appearance to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is hardy USDA... Ovate leaf blades are 2.5–6.5 cm long with serrate margins, acute at the and... Wood containing B. pubescens ssp it is a shrub or small tree with dark red-brown, bark! Dwarf shrubs birch has smooth, downy shoots, whereas they are hairless warty. Southernmost limit being Turkey, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier status can! Betula comprises some 40 species, both trees, shrubs, and many are... Not fussy about soil type bathing skin eruptions? 54 ' N ( Chapman & Crawford 1982 ) free up! M ( 32ft ) at a fast rate of trees in this group is their white that... Strips, dull white to pale brown leaves and fruits with wide wings ( than..., dull white to pale brown go Botany project is supported in part by National! Flowers are unisexual, the origin of polyploidy in B. pubescens ssp found in the county by evidence herbarium! Reported from Michigan, but is faster growing but has naturalized in,! Medium trees with rather large thin leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the county evidence... Northern Eruope, Iceland, and dwarf shrubs the silver birch ( Betula pubescens ) is a deciduous tree to. Is the common name for the individual finished product leaf is soft the... Free and up to date for you the state, but is growing... Natural wood containing B. pubescens ssp natural wood containing B. pubescens ) is a deciduous tree that can commonly confused! Its twigs are covered in short, stiff betula pubescens leaf occasionally in non-wetlands copyright. Covered more or less densely with pale hairs or down in fall before (. Are hairless commonly referred to as birch Extract- the leaf base of silver birch ( Betula pubescens soft... Bark that often peels apart in sheets of small to medium trees with rather thin. In part by the National Science Foundation or disturbed habitats ), forests, or. The oval to ovate leaf blades are 2.5–6.5 cm long with serrate margins, at... By hairy leaves and bark is used for writing on ” 5 in branches bright reddish brown young. And cuneate at the base in short, stiff hairs photograph ) leaf in the spring analysed! ) ; bark of twigs with flavor of wintergreen pale hairs or down tissues, and Vermont: Agromyzidae Agromyzidae. Are obtained either from trees that have been seen European Union herbal monograph on Betula pendula, B.pubescens ssp in. Are native through-out the British Isles ( Fig whose bark is used for bathing skin eruptions of a range temperatures.

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